إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ ونستغفره ونعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلَا مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلَا هَادِيَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
قال الله تعالى يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ
وقال تعالى يَاأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالأَرْحَامَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا
وقال تعالى يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلا سَدِيدًا يُصْلِحْ لَكُمْ أَعْمَالَكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ فَازَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا
فإن أَصْدَقُ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابُ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى وَأَحْسَنُ الْهَدْيِ هَدْيُ مُحَمَّدٍ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَشَرُّ الأُمُورِ مُحْدَثَاتُهَا وَكُلُّ مُحْدَثَةٍ بِدْعَةٌ وَكُلُّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلالَةٌ وَكُلُّ ضَلالَةٍ فِي النَّارِ
All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds. Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness there is no God but Allah, alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.
Allah the Exalted said, “O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” (3:102)
And the Exalted said, “O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” (4:1)
And the Exalted said, “O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” (33:70-71)
Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the worst affairs are newly invented matters. Every newly invented matter is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.
يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ وَلا تَمُوتُنَّ إِلا وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ
“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” (3:102)
So three things in this Ayat.
Fear Him as he should be feared or deserves to be feared
Die in submission to Him
My Issue with translation was the very single dimensional translation of the Word Taqwa, as FEAR and secondly what does the word حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ
Really mean, todays Khutbah I’d like to share with you what I understand, Brothers if there is any Good in this, then it is from Allah and if there is anything wrong then, it’s my own mistake and I ask Allah to forgive me even before I tackle this topic.
Taqwa comes from the root letters و ق ي (waw, qaf, ya). The word وَقَيَ means to protect. Also, in Arabic وِقاية (wiqayah) is a shield that someone uses in the battle. In Surah At-Tur, Allah (swt) uses the word وقاهُم (waqaahum/he protected them) when He says “and their Lord protected them from the punishment of Hellfire.” (Qur’an, 52:18)
The scholars have said that taqwa has two meanings in sharia (Islamic jurisprudence). The first meaning of taqwa is to place a barrier of good deeds between yourself and the possibility of punishment.
The second meaning of taqwa is to do your best in obeying Allah (swt).
Trying to translate the word Taqwa as FEAR is very poor, I’ve heard it as being translated as Pious, piety, godliness, consciousness of God, reverence, Religious, devout, all are good are are true, but no one word could translate it, that because the English language just hasn’t got the depth of word to explain what it means: So It is not a word that can be easily described in one word. What scholars have defined it is as follows:
- Protecting oneself from the anger of Allah by obedience to His commands and avoiding the haram and not indulging in things that Allah forbids or frowns upon or are questionable in their nature.
- An awareness of Allah at ALL times through our actions and senses and thoughts
- The shunning of everything and anything that causes a deficiency in one’s relationship with Allah.
Know that's beginning to sound better:
And even with the Word FEAR, the scholars say that the FEAR is a bit like the FEAR of your parents, you know there is Love for you and you know that there is Punishment for any wrongdoings, but in the case of Allah, both LOVE and Punishment are multiplied 100s or 1000s time more.
I’ve also chosen the above Ayah as the topic because there is a certainly a great many places in the quran where Taqwais mentioned (251 places),and many places where mutagueen, those who have taqwa ia mention, let me site some her: Please listen to these carefuly, and we should all check the reading on our Taqwa meter:
the most honorable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has Taqwa (49,13)
And have taqwa of Allah, and know that Allah is with those who have taqwa. (al-Baqara, 2:194)
Allah is the Protector of those who have taqwa. (al-Jathiyah, 45:19)
Allah loves those who have taqwa. (Aal ‘Imran, 3:76)
Whoever has taqwa of Allah – He will erase his bad actions from him and greatly increase his reward. (At-Talaq, 65:5).
Whoever has taqwa of Allah — He will find a way out for him, and provide for him from where he does not expect. (At-Talaq, 65:2-3)
Whoever has taqwa of Allah — He will make matters easy for him. (At-Talaq, 65:4)
Allah only accepts from people who have taqwa. (Al-Ma’idah, 5:27)
The people with taqwa will be among gardens and springs (Al-Dhariyat, 51:15)
The noblest among you in Allah´s sight is the one with the most taqwa. (Al-Hujurat, 49:13)
Have taqwa of Allah and Allah will give you knowledge. (al-Baqarah, 2:282)
So what has the Noble Prophet said about Taqwa, a lot can be said here but I think this single hadith from Atirmidi should be sufficient, if we dare to ponder:
The Prophet (pbuh) said, “The most common thing which leads people to Paradise is taqwa of Allah and good conduct, and the most common thing which leads people to the Hell Fire is the mouth and the private parts.” [Tirmidhi]
So let me try defining what Taqwa is again, based on what’s been said above:
“Taqwa is the medium through which we gain Allah’s mercy, victory and provisions in this life and the hereafter. It is the medium by which to protect ourselves from sin through life’s dangerous journey so that we can successfully complete the journey unscathed by sin. It is the most honored thing in Allah’s eyes”
So REMEMBER: There is NO distinction between Muslims except for their level of taqwa. In other religions a man of scripture (the priest, the budha, the brahmins as opposed to the untouchables) is different from the ordinary layman. NOT in Islam! In Islam, the ordinary “layman” can have more taqwa than an imam and Allah may grant him more in this life and in the hereafter than someone who claims to have Islam in them.
In Islam there is only one Shariah and one scale for righteousness for all believers. That scale is the level of taqwa one has achieved through one’s actions, thoughts and desires. There is no compulsion in religion but one’s desire for Allah’s mercy and forgiveness should be the compulsion to want to better one’s religion.
We are all in it together. The rich and the poor, the educated and the uneducated, the leader and the follower, the writer and the reader, the preacher and the listener, the ruler and the ruled, the old and the young, the man and the woman, all must develop taqwa. We should always remember that the most honored person, in the sight of Allah, is the believer with the most taqwa.
We must all try to have and increase our levels of taqwa. I hope I’ve been able to convey properly first part of the question, what ITaqillah means, now allow me address, the second part, have Fear of Allah حَقَّ تُقَاتِهِ
So what is the Haqq of Allah with regards to Taqwa of his servent:
A true muttaqoon is a person who strives to possess a solid understanding and knowledge of the rulings of Allah (swt) through the Qur'an and Sunnah. Without proper knowledge of the Islamic rulings, a person would not know what is asked of him/her. Therefore, it is a must to understand Islam properly as well as to have the proper intention of pleasing Allah (swt) in carrying out these actions.
Unfortunately, this is the very concept which the Muslims have left behind, as a result of faulty education. The Shaitan and his Partners know the importance of taqwa and the Islamic creed. They realized how taqwa and the Islamic creed ('aqeedah) were the roots of power to the Muslims. Thus they began to warp and dilute it by adding Greek, Persian and Hindu ideas and philosophies to it. Eventually, the Muslims began to incorporate the false ideas of the body and soul, and their interrelationship, into the original, pristine Islamic concept of taqwa.
Muslims started portraying a person possessing taqwa as a soft-spoken, elevated, calm, pious, spiritual person, adorned with a certain type of holy attire. A picture of a person who over emphasizes prayer, fasting, and things such as donating to the masjid, while living a secluded and isolated life would be the one with taqwa, even though the same person could be dealing with usury, lying or drinking alcohol. They began manufacturing their own version of taqwa and fed this false sentiment to the Ummah.
Without a doubt some of the characteristics would be found in amutaquee, but it can’t be something anyone can measure, only the person himself and Allah know better, hence this outward look is no guarantee of a Mutaquee.
It is only Allah who knows the state or degree of taqwa of a person because the seat of taqwa is the heart. On one occasion the Prophet (SAW) pointing his finger towards his heart said, “Taqwa is here.” And only Allah (SWT) knows what is in the heart of a person.
There are several degrees of taqwa:
- Levels of Belief: That the slave should protect himself from kufr
- Levels of Actions: That he should protect himself from acts of disobedience and uses Repentance (Tawba)
- Levels of Doubts: That he should protects himself from doubtful matters
- Levels of Excesses: That he should protect himself from even those things that are permitted, and that is the station of doing without (zuhd)
- Levels of Ihsan: That he should protect himself from the presence of other than Allah in his heart
So what does the creator expect from us: I’ll use translations of Ayats from the Quraan to answer this question:
- Belief in Allah, the Last Day, the Angels, all of Allah’s scriptures, all the Prophets; belief in the unseen; Belief in the Quran and it’s words
- Spend in ease and in adversity from that which Allah has given you in charity
- Be consistent in giving charity
- Pays the zakat
- Spend your substance in the cause of Allah, and follow not up your gifts with reminders of your generosity or with injury;
- Kind words and the covering of faults are better than charity followed by injury.
- Observes proper worship of Allah with devoutness and concentration
- Observes the daily prayers on a regular basis; steadfast in prayer and in jamaat
- Keeping one’s promises and fulfilling them in halal ways
- Being patient when afflicted with disease, pain, misfortune and stress; seek (Allah's) help with patient perseverance and prayer; Say "To Allah We belong, and to Him is our return"
- Seek Refuge in Allah, Ward off evil - in action, thought and desires
- When an evil thought comes to them from Shaitan, they remember Allah and push those thoughts away
- When shaitan approaches, be VERY mindful and take care and caution (7:201)
- Control your anger; Divert energy to good things
- Be kind and forgiving to mankind; Be a source of peace and comfort to people (3:133-135)
- Pure, true and sincere Tauba
- Enjoin and even demand right conduct from yourselves as well as others
- Eat of the lawful and good stuff; forbidden is dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name other than Allah was invoked upon
- BE GRATEFUL; BE GRATEFUL; BE GRATEFUL!
- Fasting; Self restraint; Control of the nafs; Preserve your nafs from disintegration and decay (91:8), don’t just wait for Ramadhan to Fast
- Prepare a Will
- Don’t waste your property on excessive vain needs;
- Don’t use your property for bribery or make gains over other’s property unlawfully
- Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits;
- Jihad with ones religion
- Perform the Hajj and or the Umrah
- Supplicate to Allah OFTEN and also listen to His commands
- Take Allah as our Protector and Guardian against everything in life and for the hereafter
- Prevent yourself from willfully continuing a wrong
- Stand in awe of Allah even in privacy (21:48-49)
- Fear the Day of Judgement
- Reflect on one’s actions at night and ask for guidance against imperfections (51:15-19)
- Always be in a pure state (a state of wudu and cleanliness) (16:31-32)
- Fear Allah
Avoiding the haram and doubtful things
- Avoidance of the haram
- Avoid following the evil one; the shaitan
- Breaking Allah’s covenant after it as been declared
- Not obeying what Allah has ordered
- Doing mischief on earth
- Don’t be the first to reject faith
- Don’t sell your faith for any price
- Don’t cover truth with falsehood when you know it to be false
- Don’t become an enemy of Allah or his angels and messengers; to Jibreel or to Mikhail (aws)
- Avoid Magic at all costs
- Avoid Riba at all costs
- Avoid Backbiting at all costs
- Don’t bring or cause discord between a husband and wife
- Avoid any form of adultery and shameful acts
- Intoxicants and gambling are great sins
- Do not marry unbelieving women
- Don’t be self-righteous for ONLY Allah can say who is pious and who is not.
- Don’t transgress your limits; Stay within the bounds of the Divine Limits described in Quran and Sunnah.
- Don’t reject faith or the message when it comes to you
What are some things that can help to awaken your senses to achieving more and more taqwa?
- Fear of punishment in the next life;
- Fear of punishment in this life;
- Hope of worldly reward;
- Hope of the reward of the next world;
- Fear of the reckoning;
- Shyness and bashfulness before the gaze of Allah,
- Showing gratitude for His blessings by obeying Him;
- Knowledge, because of His words, "They only fear Allah, of His slaves, the ones who have knowledge";
- Exalting and honouring His majesty, and it is the station of awe; Constant Dhikr
- Sincerity in love of Allah
أَقُولُ قَوْلِي هَذَا وَأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ لِي وَلَكُمْ وَلِسَائِرِ المُسْلِمينَ وَالمُسْلِمَاتْ فَاسْتَغْفِرُوهْ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ
Qal Allah ho tala.
اَللّٰھُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍ وَّعَلٰٓی اٰلِ مُحَمَّدٍ کَمَا صَلَّیْتَ عَلٰٓی اِبْرَاھِیْمَ وَعَلٰٓی اٰلِ اِبْرَاھِیْمَ اِنَّکَ حَمِیْدٌ مَّجِیْدٌ اَللّٰھُمَّ بَارِکْ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍ وَّعَلٰٓی اٰلِ مُحَمَّدٍ کَمَا بَارَکْتَ عَلٰٓی اِبْرَاھِیْمَ وَعَلٰٓی اٰلِ اِبْرَاھِیْمَ اِنَّکَ حَمِیْدٌ مَّجِیْدٌ
Allahuma’ Eghfir Lil’ Muslimeena wal Muslimat, Wal Moumineena wal Mouminaat, Al-Ahya’ee minhum wal amwat, Innaka samee’un mujibul dawat
رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ السَّمِيعُ العَلِيمُ
رَبَّنَا وَاجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمَيْنِ لَكَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِنَا أُمَّةً مُّسْلِمَةً لَّكَ وَأَرِنَا مَنَاسِكَنَا وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَآ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ
رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
رَبَّنَا أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْراً وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَنَا وَانصُرْنَا عَلَى القَوْمِ الكَافِرِينَ
رَبَّنَا لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِن نَّسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا
رَبَّنَا وَلاَ تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِنَا
رَبَّنَا وَلاَ تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لاَ طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا أَنتَ مَوْلاَنَا فَانصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ
رَبَّنَا لاَ تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ
رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ جَامِعُ النَّاسِ لِيَوْمٍ لاَّ رَيْبَ فِيهِ إِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ يُخْلِفُ الْمِيعَادَ
رَبَّنَا إِنَّنَا آمَنَّا فَاغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
إن لله يأمر بالعدل و الإحسان و إيتاء ذي القربى و ينهى عن الفحشاء و المنكر و البغي يعظكم لعلكم تذكرون