Q&A

Renting a building for use as a masjid - 

Question: We have a rented place which we have assumed like a musallaa [where we] pray the obligatory five [daily prayers] and the jumu’ah. This place is not owned by the Muslims, rather it is rented?

Response: This [place] does not take the ruling of the masjid. This place is a musallaa, based upon the proof that it is owned by another, and that its owner is free to sell it. So it is a musallaa and not a masjid, so the rulings of the masjid do not apply to it.

Performing the Tahiyyatul-Masjid whilst the adhaan is being called

Reference: I’laam al-Mu’aasireen bi-Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen – Page 53

Question: What is the ruling regarding performing the Tahiyyatul-Masjid (a 2 rak’ah prayer upon entering the masjid) whilst the mu.adhdhin is calling the adhaan, keeping in mind that there is no time between the adhaan and the iqaamah to perform the Tahiyyatul-Masjid?

Response: It is preferable to wait in order to respond [to the adhaan] and then say: «O Allaah, Owner of this perfect call…» …except for the [adhaan of the] Jumu’ah prayer when it is preferable to perform the Tahiyyatul-Masjid even during adhaan, as listening to the Khutba of Jumu'ah takes the precedence. 

Praying the tahiyyatul-masjid during the adhaan for jumu’ah

Reference: Fataawa wa Rasaa.il Shaykh ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee – Page 404, Fatwa No.7

Question: Should he pray the Tahiyyatul-Masjid (2 rak’ah prayer) when he enters the masjid whilst the adhaan for Jumu’ah is being called?

Response: Yes. If a Muslim enters the masjid whilst the adhaan for Jumu’ah is being called, then he should pray the Tahiyyatul-Masjid and not wait until the mu.adhdhin has finished [calling the adhaan]

Leaving the masjid after the adhaan is called

Reference: Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen – Volume 12, Page 200

Question: What is the ruling regarding leaving the masjid after the adhaan has been called?

Response: Abu Hurayrah saw a man leave [the masjid] after the adhaan [had been called] and said [about him]:

«As for this [one], then he has gone against [the teachings of] Abul-Qaasim (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)», transmitted by Muslim.

And to go against [the teachings] principally is prohibited. Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) says:

{It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allaah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allaah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a plain error}, Soorah al-Ahzaab, Aayah 36

So, because of this, the people of knowledge have said: Indeed it is not permissible for a person to leave the masjid after the adhaan [has been called] except for a [Islaamically justifiable] reason, such as leaving to make wudhoo and then return, and if he wanted to go to answer the call of nature, then he is permitted to leave, even if he misses the prayer as the prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

«There is no prayer if food has been served or for him who needs to answer the call of nature», transmitted by Muslim.

So, if we say that someone is waiting for the prayer and then felt the need to go and answer the call of nature or even to pass wind, since some people [may be in] need of passing wind, then there is no harm if he left and relieved himself [and] then returned.

And if he was able to [catch and] join the congregation, then it is a blessing, and if he was unable to do so, then there is no harm in this.

Straightening the rows by drawing lines on the masjid floor

Reference: Fataawa wa Rasaa.il Shaykh ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee – Volume 1, Page 189, Fatwa No.20

Question: What is the ruling regarding drawing lines on the masjid [floor] to [assist in] straightening the rows?

Response: If the people are unable to straighten the rows except with [the aid of these lines], then there is no harm [in drawing lines on the masjid floor].

Some masaajid are built deviating away from the qiblah (direction of the Ka’bah in Makkah), and the rows are unable to be straightened except by drawing these lines.

There is no harm in that (i.e. drawing lines on the masjid floor), in shaa.-Allaah.

ADDRESSING THE IMAAM WHILST IN PRAYER

Reference: Fataawa tata’allaq bi-Jamaa’atil-Masjid, Question 37, Page 35
Majmoo’ Fataawa, Volume 4, Page 426

Question: If the imaam goes into the rukoo’ position before me, is it permissible for me to say ‘Subhaa-nAllaah’ so as to alert him to wait for me or [even] say ‘Indeed. Allaah is with those who are patient’ so that he waits for me or should I not do any of the above?

Response: If the imaam goes into [the] rukoo’ [position] whilst you are inside the masjid, then calmly walk [towards the congregation and join them]. Whatever of the prayer you are able to pray with the congregation then do so and whatever you have missed, then make it up. It is not legislated for you to say anything to alert the imaam to wait for you from that which we know of the pure Sharee’ah.

ATTENDING THE MASJID AND HAVING A BAD SMELL

Reference: http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/15747

Question: Often, in some masaajid there is a bad smell – such as [that of] garlic, onions, [tobacco] smoke – [something indicative of some of the congregation] paying [little or] no attention to the cleanliness of their clothes, nor respecting the sanctity of the prayer and the masaajid, not to mention the other members of the congregation; so what is your advice to these people?

Response: It is obligatory upon the Muslim when setting out for the masjid, that he smells nice, and that his clothes are clean; that s because he is heading for a house from the houses of Allaah, and will be mixing with other members of the congregation. So he must not cause them any discomfort with any bad smell; [the important thing being] whatever he does to eliminate the bad smell, or at the very least reduce it – then this is what is required.

RAISING THE HANDS IN SUPPLICATION DURING THE JUMU’AH KHUTBAH

Reference: I’laam al-Mu’aasireen bi-Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen – Page 80

Question: What is the ruling regarding raising the hands during the supplication of the imaam in the jumu’ah khutbah, since I used to do that; [Then one day] after the prayer, someone advised me against doing so, however he did not provide any evidence for what he said?

Response: Raising the hands during the supplication of the imaam in the [jumu’ah] khutbah has not been legislated. And because of this, the companions (radhi-yAllaahu ‘anhum) disapproved of Bishr ibn Marwaan when he raised his hands in the jumu’ah khutbah [transmitted by at-Tirmidhee 515 and Ahmad 4/136].

And [the raising of the hands during the imaam’s supplication] has been legislated in two cases:

  1. The prayer for rain – and that is asking [Allaah] for rain, and likewise…
  2. Asking [Allaah] for the cessation of rain.

…and the evidence for that is what has been reported by Anas in the hadeeth of the man who entered [the masjid] whilst the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was giving the khutbah, and he said: O Messenger of Allaah our wealth has been destroyed and [our children are hungry]. So the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) raised his hands and supplicated. And Anas mentioned that the man then returned the following jumu’ah and said: O Messenger of Allaah [our buildings have been destroyed and] our wealth has been flooded. So the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) raised his hands [in supplication] and said:

«O Allaah, around us and not upon us» [transmitted by al-Bukhaaree 1013 and Muslim 897]…and so on as per the hadeeth which Muslim transmitted in the Book of the Rain Prayer.

So the khateeb should not raise his hands [in supplication] other than in the aforementioned two situations; And the worshippers are not to raise their hands [in supplication] except when the khateeb raises his hands [in supplication], because the companions only raised their hands [in supplication] when the Prophet raised his hands [in supplication].

DISCONNECTED ROWS IN THE CONGREGATIONAL PRAYER

Reference: http://www.alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/15840

Question: I am an imaam in one of the masaajid, and am asking about the ruling regarding the prayer [performed] in rows which are disconnected?

Response: It is not permissible to disconnect the rows; it is imperative to connect the rows, and fill the gaps and complete [the rows], just as the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) commanded [us] to do.

The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would be concerned about [connecting and straightening] the rows before leading the congregation in prayer; [so] he would be concerned about the rows, establishing them, and encouraging [the congregation] in straightening them and filling [all] the gaps; the matter of [taking care in properly establishing] the rows, [making sure they are connected and straight] is very important.